World's Most Dangerous Volcanoes

1 year ago
Here’s some active volcanoes around the world that could, at any moment unleash the power hidden within their depths.

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Luckily this stratovolcano is tucked away in the uninhabitable Aleutian (uh-loo-shuhn) Range on the Alaskan Peninsula. We say lucky because this volcano is one of the most active in the entire country. Eruptions occur almost every year and one last happened in March of 2016. We can see steam and gas rising ominously from it's crater here in 2004.

Mount Merapi

Like most of the volcanos on this list Merapi was identified as one of 16 Decade Volcanoes. This group of volcanoes have been deemed worthy of close study due to their history of or potential for earth shattering, ultra destructive eruptions. It’s a project that was initiated by the United Nations, but anyways, back to Merapi. Also called Fire Mountain, Merapi is one of the most feared places in Indonesia. It’s the country's most active volcano, with eruptions occurring regularly for the last five hundred years. On most days Merapi looks like this, with smoke escaping ominously from its peak. A particularly large explosion in 1994 took the lives of 27 people.

Mount Vesuvius

You may recognize this stratovolcano as the one that erupted in the year 79, famously burying and consequently preserving the Roman City of Pompeii in ash. That explosion released a hundred thousand times the thermal energy of the atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima during World War Two. Though exact figures are unknown over one thousand people died during that eruption almost two thousand years ago. We know all of this thanks to Pliny the Younger, a lawyer and author who witnessed the natural disaster first hand and wrote about it in two letters to his historian friend Tacitus. While Vesuvius hasn’t blown up so catastrophically in the years since, it hasn’t been dormant either. It's erupted many times, most recently in 1944, when a United States Army Air Force tail gunner was able to snap this picture from the B-24 he was flying in at the time. Here’s a more recent picture. You can see that it still releases large amount of ash, and that on that particular day you can almost make out a cryptic face amongst the plume, though the true nature of the image is unclear. The chilling shot is a reminder that Vesuvius could erupt violently at any time and with roughly three million people living nearby it's considered one of the world’s most dangerous volcanoes.

Santa Maria

One of the three largest volcanic eruptions of the twentieth century took place at Santa Maria, a huge active volcano located in the western highlands of Guatemala. It happened in 1902 and was induced by a seismic swarm starting in January of that year. For at least five hundred years before the infamous 1902 eruption Santa Maria had lay dormant. Then starting on October 24 several large explosions occurred sending volcanic ash as far away as San Francisco, around 2,500 miles away. Remarkably and as you can see, pictures of the eruption were taken. Due to a lack of eruptive activity, the locals didn’t see the seismic activity leading up to the event as foreboding. Consequently at least five thousand people lost their lives, and a subsequent malaria outbreak took countless more.

Thanks for checking out the world’s most dangerous volcanoes. We hope everyone out there enjoyed watching our video as much as we did making it and learning about all of those volcanoes. Be sure to click that subscribe button on your way out, and we’ll see you all soon.

Mount Nyiragongo (nyra gongo)

For sure the most striking aspect of Mount Nyiragongo is it’s giant lava lake, which looks like some sort of portal to the underworld. It can be found within Virunga National Park which is in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It's not surprising when looking at it's lava lake that eruptions are unusually fluid for a volcano. Luckily most lava flows move very slowly and pose no real threat to humans. Nyiragongo has however had two major, devastating eruptions in its recent history. In 1977 a crater wall fractured and the lava lake within drained rapidly causing lava to flow down the volcano at the highest speed ever recorded, 40 miles per hour. Entire villages were destroyed and at least seventy lives were taken. Then in 2002 following increased seismic activity in the area, a giant fissure ripped through the south flank of the volcano. Lava spread to the outskirts of the city of Goma, covering parts of the runway at the city’s airport. Estimates say that 147 people succumbed to asphyxiation and building collapses due to lava and earthquakes.

World's Most Dangerous Volcanoes

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