1 year ago
From bobcats and lynx … to anteaters, aardvarks and pangolins … to … Here are 16 pairs of commonly mistaken animals

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#10 Frogs and Toads
These amphibians are commonly mistaken for each other… so what exactly are the differences between the two? Well, ‘toad’ is actually a name for certain frogs. It seems that the distinction is one more rooted in pop culture than in scientific taxonomy (tak-SOHN-uh-mee). In general it has been noted that toads have skin that is drier, thicker, and have large bumps (which are sometimes called warts). Frogs have skin that is smooth and wet, giving them a slimy appearance. They can really jump, whereas toads hop due to their shorter legs, which aren’t as strong. While frogs are more associated with a more aquatic habitat, toads don’t need to stay near the water to survive.

#9 Tortoises and Turtles
There’s a easy way to remember which is which between these two reptiles. Turtles spend most of their time in the water, while tortoises are land dwellers. Where sea turtles have fins, tortoises have stumps for legs, and feet that are unwebbed. They often dig burrows in hot, dry habitats. While they both have shells, those of the turtle tend to be flat and more streamlined … while tortoise shells are more dome-shaped and heavier. Of course, there’s the size differential … tortoises can weigh 100 pounds or more, depending on the species. And the big, lumbering reptiles are known to live a long time, more than 150 years in some cases -- or longer. Turtles, meanwhile, are thought to live for upwards of 40 years or so.

#8 Seals and Sea Lions
They’re both pinnipeds, which is to say they are fin-footed marine mammals. And a big difference in the animals can be found in their fins, or flippers. Sea lions have flippers that are larger, and covered with skin. They’re strong and flexible, allowing the animal to travel over the land … they can essentially walk on all fours.. Seal flippers are usually shorter, forcing the critter to crawl on its belly to get around. They also lack external ears, while sea lions have external ear flaps. And their socialization differs as well. Seals tend to be loners that stay in the water. But Sea Lions are known to gather in groups as large as 1500 individuals, getting noisy and barking at each other. Which would you rather be?

#7 Dolphin and Porpoises
They’re both Cetaceans, and are warm-blooded air-breathing mammals that give birth to live offspring. Physically, there is a strong resemblance between the two species. But the body shapes of the two animals differ in that porpoises tend to be chunky, with rounded faces … Dolphins have a more slender build,with pointed faces and curved dorsal fins.
And dolphins greatly outnumber their cousins, with more than 30 species documented, including bottlenose dolphins and even Orcas, or killer whales. In contrast, there are only six extant species of porpoises, including the Vaquita, which is in danger of going extinct.

#6 Leopards and Jaguars
They do look similar … big cats that share a spotted patterning on their coats. But there are several key differences, including the size. The jaguar is the third largest cat species after the tiger and the lion … and has the third strongest bite force of all felids. And the two animals are native to distinctively different parts of the world. Jaguars are found in the Americas, while leopards are native to areas of Africa and Asia. While looking at them makes you see spots, their rosettes are different. Those of the jaguar are larger and have central spots. Here’s an interesting commonality … when either species displays an excess of melanin (or dark pigmentation), the creature is often referred to as a black panther.


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