Ancient Archaeological Sites That Could REWRITE History!

1 year ago
From mysterious megalithic formations … to the oldest religious site in the world … Here are 12 ancient archaeological sites that could change history!

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#4 Sacsayhuaman (sax-a-woman)
On the outskirts of the city of Cusco in Peru, you’ll find an ancient walled fortress … sections of which were initially built in the year 1100. Sacsayhuaman was a citadel complex that was expanded upon by the Inca starting in 1300, and involved the use of stones that weighed hundreds of tons. Workers cut the boulders so precisely that they fit without mortar … even a piece of paper couldn’t fit in the space between them. That has led some sources to speculate that the workers must have had access to something more advanced than bronze tools to cut through the hard andesite stone. Cuts so precise seem more likely to have been made with a machine, than primitive tools … at least according to certain theories. Could the Inca have had access to some form of advanced technology … and if so, how might that impact history?

#3 The Moai (MO-eye) Heads
Easter Island is an isolated volcanic island in Polynesia … where it might be better known as Rapa Nui. No matter the island’s name, it’s famous for being the home of the Moai heads. Around 900 of the huge stone figures are believed to have been erected there from the 12th to the 17th century. Standing at an average height of 13 feet, the monolithic human figures weigh on average nearly 14 tons … but the largest stood 33 feet and weighed more than 90 tons! They were carved from volcanic ash, then set atop stone platforms, and scattered in various locations across the island. One question that always arises concerning the Moai Heads is, ‘Are they attached to bodies’? And in fact they attached to bodies that are usually placed in a squatting position, buy are buried up to the neck. Many archaeologists believe that the Moai heads represent the ancestors of the ancient Polynesian peoples … other experts see the stone heads as symbols of religious and/or political power and authority. And there’s another mystery regarding the monoliths -- how exactly were they transported across the island?

#2 Ggantija (GAHN-tie-jah)
These two temples were were constructed in Malta starting in the Neolithic, around 3600 BC. They are the earliest Megalithic Temples found in the island country … although the temples are found specifically on the island of Gozo, in the Mediterranean. At some 5,500 years old, they’re older than the pyramids of Egypt. Experts say that the temples would have been used as ceremonial sites for fertility rituals … and have found figurines and statues in the area that have been apparently linked to such a cult. The construction of these edifices presents its own mystery: How could the huge stone buildings have been erected when the islanders didn’t have the wheel or the use of metal tools? Spherical stones found nearby may have been used as a type of ball-bearing to transport the blocks … but that’s not a certainty. Nor is the exact purpose for which the temples were built. What do you think?

#1 Gobekli Tepe
This mysterious site is located in southeastern Turkey … and is thought to date back as far as the 10th millennium BC. Nearly 1,000 feet in diameter (300m), the site features more than 200 T-shaped pillars arranged in 20 circles …Did you know that they are believed to be the oldest known megaliths on the planet. Every one of the pillars reaches 20 feet high (3m), and weighs around 20 tons. Sockets were carved out of the bedrock, into which the pillars were fitted. Located on an isolated plateau, Gobekli Tepe was first documented during a survey in the early 1960s. In 1995, German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt began excavations there, which continued until his death in 2014. Schmidt believed the site was not a settlement … but a stone-age sanctuary where people from across the region would occasionally congregate. Some of the findings there raise more archaeological questions than answers. For instance, strange pictograms and carved animal reliefs decorate most of the pillars, with vultures displayed prominently. So far, scholars have not been able to interpret the pictograms meanings. Nothing has yet been determined for certain about Gobekli Tepe, since excavations have revealed less than 5 percent of the area. But radiocarbon dating suggests it could represent the oldest religious site yet discovered in the world.

Ancient Archaeological Sites That Could REWRITE History!

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